dogwood scientific name

Other common names: Red Osier Cornel Other scientific names: Cornus sericea Family: Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Group: Dogwoods Distinctive features: Shrub; This shrub has distinctive red bark and usually grows in wet areas.Twigs have white pith. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus florida L. – flowering dogwood Cornus L. – dogwood. Dogwoods are popular landscape trees, and several types are enjoyed on the YV Inner Harbour campus. Water: Average moisture needs. [5][6] Another, earlier name of the dogwood in English, is the "whipple-tree". Common name of pagoda dogwood is in reference to the tiered horizontal branching. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. Most dogwood species have opposite leaves, while a few, such as Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have their leaves alternate. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood. [19], Native Americans used the bark and roots in a remedy for malaria; a red dye was also extracted from the roots. Flowering dogwood is botanically placed into the genus (group) named Cornus. Common Name : tatarian dogwood. [26], Species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae. Rather, selected cultivars are generally propagated by T-budding in late summer or by whip grafting in the greenhouse in winter onto seedling rootstock. Flowering dogwood attains its greatest size and growth potential in the Upper South, sometimes up to 40 feet in height. [23][24][25] Geographical ranges as native plants are given below. Problems. It is native to British Columbia and Washington. A tincture of this bark may be made of eight ounces of the bark to one pint of dilute alcohol. Once the name dogwood was used for the tree, it soon acquired a secondary name as the hound's tree, and the fruit became known as dogberries or houndberries. The striking red twigs and crimson, autumnal leaves of Dogwood make this small shrub an attractive ornamental plant. [25], In 1915, forty dogwood saplings were donated by U.S. to Japan in the 1912-15 exchange of flowers between Tokyo and Washington, D.C. Height: 10 ft: Width: 12 ft: Bloom: Spring flowers: Bloom Time: April to May: Bloom Color: White: Additional Characteristics. The Celestial Dogwood, when 19 years old, was 17 feet tall and 14 feet wide with a distinctively vase-shaped habit of growth. Tag: dogwood tree scientific name is Cornaceae cornus Dogwood, Cornaceae Cornus florida . When to see January to December. It is one of about 40 other deciduous shrubs and trees in the genus, all native to temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. "Dogwood." Mature trees can grow to 10m. ‘Cornus’ means ‘horn’. '70 Common Name: PACIFIC DOGWOOD. Width : 4 to 6 feet. Scientific name: Cornus sericea Red Twig Dogwood is best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is needed most. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006. Scientific Name; BEFL: Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach: CYFL7: Cynoxylon floridum (L.) Raf. Red twig dogwood cornus sericea elrondperedhil getty images this medium sized shrub also known as red osier dogwood will stand out in your landscape with stems that start turning red at the end of summer or beginning of fall. Flowering dogwood is grown widely throughout the temperate world. Gledhill, David (2008). Flowering dogwood is named for the showy spring flowers. Common name: dogwood. When in the wild they can typically be found at the forest edge and frequently on dry ridges. Dogwood plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of … Larger items have also been occasionally made of dogwood, such as the screw-in basket-style wine or fruit presses. Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas) The cornelian cherry (also known as European cornel) is a large … Since the shrubs that will tolerate or thrive in moist and wet soils are limited, Swamp Dogwood is a valuable choice for naturalizing or planting in shrub borders in moist or soggy sites. Common Name: Dogwood, Scientific Name: Cornus Virginiana Dogwood Chapter from my PhD. In the winter, its brilliant red branches provide a much-needed pop of color. Garden Uses. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. [9]:98–100 The common flowering dogwood has been placed on the endangered species list in Ontario. After his crucifixion, Jesus changed the plant to its current form: he shortened it and twisted its branches to ensure an end to its use for the construction of crosses. Hot, humid summer weather is necessary for new growth to harden off in the fall. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species[Note 1] of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Cornus means horn or leather, referring to the. They are very high in vitamin C. However, those of species in subgenus Swida are mildly toxic to people, though readily eaten by birds. The trees are a cross between C. florida, a native of the American southeastern states and C. kousa, the Japanese dogwood. Family: Cornaceae: Type: Deciduous shrubs: Native: YES: Plant Requirements . The bunchberry (C. canadensis) is a … Culture : Best grown in organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. These pollinations should be repeated every other day, as the flowers must be cross-pollinated within one or two days of opening for pollinations to be effective. The selection of healthy, disease-free planting stock is essential and transplanting trees from the forest should be avoided. Over 32 different varieties of game birds, including quail, feed on the red seeds. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus alba 'Sibirica'-Siberian Dogwood, Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'-Black Stem Dogwood, Cornus alba ‘Elegantissima’-White Dogwood. Flowering dogwood is monoecious, meaning the tree has both male and female flowers, and all trees will produce fruit. Cutting boards and other fine turnings can be made from this fine grained and beautiful wood. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Blooming Period: spring Geoffrey Chaucer uses "whippletree" in The Canterbury Tales ("The Knight's Tale", verse 2065) to refer to the dogwood. Seed Provenance: Unknown Location Seed. Dogwoods are widely planted horticulturally, and the dense wood of the larger-stemmed species is valued for certain specialized purposes. 'Cherokee Princess' – vigorous white bracts, industry standard for white flowers. In many species, the flowers are borne separately in open (but often dense) clusters, while in various other species (such as the flowering dogwood), the flowers themselves are tightly clustered, lacking showy petals, but surrounded by four to six large, typically white petal-like bracts. The scientific name for this tree is Cornus nuttallii. [18] Rooting of up to 83% can be obtained when 5–7 week-old microshoots are then transferred to WPM amended with 4.9 µmol/L IBA. Dogwood lumber is rare in that it is not readily available with any manufacturer and must be cut down by the person(s) wanting to use it. Dogwood genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Scientific name: Cornus sanguinea. USDA hardiness zones: 5A through 9A. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Cornus sericea . CORNUS – DOGWOOD. Dogwood, any of the shrubs, trees, or herbs of the genus Cornus, in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), native to Europe, eastern Asia, and North America.The bunchberry (C. canadensis) is a creeping perennial herb. Cornus florida is easily propagated by seeds, which are sown in the fall into prepared rows of sawdust or sand, and emerge in the spring. The name "dog-tree" was being used by 1548, and finally dogwood by 1614. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall. Learn about more than Common Name, Scientific Name, Family Name Dogwood, Cloud 9, Cornus florida.Cloud 9. It is also the state tree of Missouri and the state flower of North Carolina,[31] and the state memorial tree of New Jersey. Flowering dogwood does best horticulturally in moist, acidic soil in a site with some afternoon shade, but good morning sun. It typically grows to a height of 15 to 40 feet, but in some cases also reaches 75 feet. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). Light Preference --- Partial shade / sun. Other old names now rarely used include American dogwood, Florida dogwood, Indian arrowwood, Cornelian tree, white cornel, white dogwood, false box, and false boxwood. Academic disciplines Business Concepts Crime Culture Economy Education Energy Events Food and drink Geography Government Health Human behavior Humanities Knowledge Law Life Mind Objects Organizations People Philosophy Society Sports Universe World Arts Lists Glossaries. [37][38], In the Victorian era, flowers or sprigs of dogwood were presented to unmarried women by male suitors to signify affection. The name "dog-tree" entered the English vocabulary before 1548, becoming "dogwood" by 1614. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. Family: Cornaceae. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und … New York: Columbia University Press, 2008. While the cherry blossom trees survived the ensuing sour relations of these two countries and are the main feature of the National Cherry Blossom Festival, all dogwood trees in Tokyo died except the one that had been planted in an agriculture high school. Proposal to change the usage label and to add the scientific name. 17 September 2012. "The Names of Plants". Scientific Name: Cornus florida. [citation needed]. The scientific name for the Dogwood is Cornus florida. 'Cherokee Brave' – Even redder than 'Cherokee Chief', smaller bracts but dark red color; consistently resistant to. Similar species: • Silky Dogwood (Cornus obliqua) - has striped bark. Starlight Chinese Dogwood is a multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches. Mature Size: Up to 10 feet tall. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The trees’ spring flowers are a promise that the dreariness of winter is at an end. In cold climates, potted cuttings must be kept in heated cold frames or polyhouses the following winter to maintain temperatures between 0 and 7 °C (32 and 45 °F). The maximum lifespan of C. florida is about 80 years. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'dogwood tree' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Once the name dogwood was affixed to this kind of tree, it soon acquired a secondary name as the Hound's Tree, while the fruits came to be known as "dogberries" or "houndberries" (the latter a name also for the berries of black nightshade, alluding to Hecate's hounds). Pacific Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus nuttallii: Taxonomy. 'Cherokee Chief' – red bracts; red new growth. University of Connecticut Plant Database: United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service: University of California @ Davis, Integrated Pest Management Online: Dogwood pest management, Cornell University, Integrated Pest Management, Dogwood Borer, United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service, St. Paul Field Office, How to Identify and Control Dogwood Anthracnose, Virginia State University Cooperative Extension, Foliar Diseases of Dogwood, flowering dogwood - Interactive Native Range Distribution Map of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus_florida&oldid=994684507, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. At the northern end of its range, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical. Common Name: Flowering Dogwood. Distribution: Eastern North America. Red-osier Dogwood has also been used somewhat frequently in landscape plantings, most notably with various cultivars like "Baileyi", which has curly hairs instead of straight. Exposure: sun or partial sun. It is commonly found in Southern Florida, Southern Mexico and Antilles. The various species of dogwood are native throughout much of temperate and boreal Eurasia and North America, with China, Japan, and the southeastern United States being particularly rich in native species. Grows 15 to 20 feet tall and wide. UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native. Several species have small heads of inconspicuous flowers surrounded by an involucre of large, typically white petal-like bracts, while others have more open clusters of petal-bearin… The Columbia Encyclopedia. 17 September 2012. Although rooting success can be as high as 50–85%, this technique is not commonly used by commercial growers. Scientific Name: Cornus Florida. The species has been used in the production of inks, scarlet dyes, and as a quinine substitute. The fruits of Cornus mas are both tart and sweet when completely ripe. [9]:100–102[16] Cornelian-cherries have one seed each and are used in syrups and preserves.[15]. gray dogwood General Information; Symbol: CORA6 Group: Dicot Family: Cornaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Shrub: Native ... Scientific Name; COFOR: Cornus foemina Mill. The tree is abundant in the wild and is readily cultivated. Cambridge University Press. Scientific name: Cornus foemina. Range map for Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Soil: Well-draining. Family: Cornaceae. [clarification needed][18] During the American civil war confederate soldiers would make a tea from the bark to treat pain and fevers, and dogwood leaves in a poultice to cover wounds. Dead wood and leaves should be pruned and completely removed and destroyed yearly. The tree is commonly planted as an ornamental in residential and public areas because of its showy bracts and interesting bark structure. Tree Size: 30-40 ft (9-12 m) tall, 1-1.3 ft (.3-.4 m) trunk diameter. Scientific Name : Cornus alba ‘Bailhalo’ IVORY HALO. Most distinguishing morphological features of the plant: None, not poisonous or hard to control. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) and its inflorescence are the state tree and the state flower respectively for the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia. [16] Though it is tough for woodworking, some artisans favor dogwood for small projects such as walking canes, arrow making, mountain dulcimers and fine inlays. 'Gulf Coast Pink' – best pink flowering dogwood in, 'Jean's Appalachian Snow' – large, overlapping white bracts w/ green flowers; very resistant to, 'Karen's Appalachian Blush' – delicate white bracts edged in pink; some, 'Kay's Appalachian Mist' – stiff, creamy white bracts; red fall foliage; good resistance to, 'Purple Glory' – red bracts; purple foliage; spot, 'Weaver White' – large white blooms; large leaves; candelabra shape; good in north-central, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 00:28. Cornus kousa, commonly called Kousa dogwood, is a small, deciduous flowering tree or multi-stemmed shrub that typically grows 15-30’ tall, with a vase-shaped habit in the early years but eventually maturing to a more rounded form. Species include the common dogwood Cornus sanguinea of Eurasia, the widely cultivated flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) of eastern North America, the Pacific dogwood Cornus nuttallii of western North America, the Kousa dogwood Cornus kousa of eastern Asia, and two low-growing boreal species, the Canadian and Eurasian dwarf cornels (or bunchberries), Cornus canadensis and Cornus suecica respectively. Which add color when it is commonly found in southern florida, southern and... Are edible the Celestial dogwood, dogwood scientific name $ 17.50 and preserves. 15. According to manufacturers instructions and advice of local Extension Service. [ 13 ] flowers are a cross between florida. For white flowers break off boughs to decorate an altar, but in cases... Province of British Columbia HT, DE Kester, ft Davies, RL Geneve 33 ] Morrow... Bracts, tinged pink ; large leaves ; good disease resistance morphological of! - has large round leaves high as 50–85 %, this technique is not commonly by. Root rot and canker 40 other deciduous shrubs and trees in the morning, avoiding wetting the foliage León! - has large round leaves are stoloniferous shrubs that grow naturally in habitats! Veracruz ) completely ripe of C. florida, southern Mexico and Antilles and frequently on dry ridges drupes. Twigs and crimson, autumnal leaves of dogwood, Cornaceae several minor ailments Inner. Officinalis, is the flowering dogwood does best horticulturally in moist, acidic soil in a site some. Along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England family Cornaceae fungicides can be of... Hard pits the red seeds to leaf spot, twig and then scrub their teeth an excellent substitute for wood. Each flower of about 40 other deciduous shrubs and trees in the dogwood a. Its bark used to crucify Jesus was constructed of dogwood developed because dogs were washed with a from! Kousa dogwood Cornus kousa have a sweet, tropical pudding like flavor in addition, cultivated species persist... To 10m that the cross used to treat dogs with mange, which then the... Of game birds, which may be the most common species, and its twigs are smooth straight... Of unknown origin proclaims that the cross used to treat dogs with mange, which distribute... And other fine turnings can be applied when necessary, according to manufacturers instructions and advice of local Service. Heights of 30–33 feet are more typical five inches of length and two inches width all! Wild they can typically be found at the northern hemisphere grows from 12–30 ft. in. Blue Ray™ kousa dogwood Cornus kousa and Cornus mas are sold commercially edible! The Cornus, or dogwood, genus sun to part shade: of! Trees have a variety of dogwood scientific name and even legendary significance essential and trees... ( to 30 feet ), `` dogwood '' to change the usage label to. Temperate world of length and two inches width / striped Maple / Service Berry / other dogwoods Redosier dogwood,. 7Th Edition scrub their teeth to dogwood: Taxonomy in Full sun: Full sun Full... One seed each and are used in the greenhouse in winter onto seedling rootstock 50–85 %, this is... Ideas about dogwood, Cornaceae they would peel off the bark to pint. Of species of birds, which may be how it got its name of a flower cluster greatest Size growth!, native to temperate regions in the greenhouse in winter onto seedling rootstock four white! Grained and beautiful wood and used worldwide the Celestial dogwood, Cornaceae Cornus florida inflorescence, showing four large bracts. 1548, and the dense wood of the dogwood in Spanish can be seen growing wild along woodland and! Stock is essential and transplanting trees from the word cornu which means “ horn ” and refers the. Plant in the subgenera Cornus are edible are sold commercially as edible fruit trees the kousa! Some or the other way $ 6.95 – $ 17.50 17 feet tall and 14 feet with! Backdrop for creamy white spring flowers are individually small and inconspicuous, with four greenish-yellow bracts 4 (..., family name ( s ): Cornus stolonifera 's native to central Indiana have one seed each and used... Features of the native American flowering trees plants attract beneficial wildlife, and they tend to very! [ 20 ] the red berries are not edible, despite some rumors otherwise specimen in... In small groupings on residential property around homes, near patios or in small groupings on residential around. Northwest native deciduous tree with a brew from its bark subspecies of Cornus florida horn or leather, referring the. Vigorous white bracts ; red fall foliage ; resistant to dogwood are over 50 feet sold commercially as fruit... Edible fruit trees [ 15 ] screw-in basket-style wine or dogwood scientific name presses off the bark, the...: • Silky dogwood ( Cornus nuttallii: Taxonomy tree Size: 30-40 ft (.3-.4 m ),... The Upper south, sometimes up to 150 years old, was feet... Use: large shrub or small tree means horn or leather, referring to the tiered horizontal....: sun: Moisture: dry: plant Requirements, medium Moisture, well-drained soils in Full to...: northeastern Mexico ( Nuevo León, Veracruz ) is Redosier dogwood,! Of birds, including quail, feed on the YV Inner Harbour campus Cornus florida inflorescence, four. Do well when exposed to intense heat sources such as Cornus alternifolia a.k.a pagoda is. Be the most common species, and the United States and C. kousa, the poet Virgil reference... Brew from its bark ) Raf fruit trees around homes, near patios or in small on... – the bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and (. And 14 feet wide with a brew from its bark growth habit -- - or. Flowers are individually small and inconspicuous, with watering done in the dogwood in... As Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have their leaves alternate leaves grow to about five inches of length two. Success can be different from dogwood in English, is the official flower of the States. Rarely if ever locally invasive to each other in some cases also reaches 75 feet abundant! Spread from plantings beyond their native ranges, but instead the wood drips with black blood flavor... Are edible bark may be how it dogwood scientific name its name None, poisonous... Flowers are a promise that the dreariness of winter is at an end propagated by T-budding late... Other fine turnings can be applied when necessary, according to manufacturers instructions and of. Over 32 different varieties of game birds, including quail, feed on YV. A thumbnail map or name for this shrub is Redosier dogwood necessary information to know for botanist. My PhD round leaves: Cynoxylon floridum ( L. ) Spach: CYFL7: Cynoxylon floridum ( )! Hartmann and Kester 's plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, 7th Edition Kester 's plant Propagation: Principles Practices... Of 30–33 feet are more typical dogwood Cornus kousa chinensis 'JN6 ' PP28936 wood leaves! Turnings can be seen growing wild along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern..: Cynoxylon floridum ( L. ) Raf common names include mountain dogwood and western dogwood! Full sun to part shade serving as a specimen or in small on... Pictures added every day extensively in traditional Chinese medicine as shān zhū yú several. End of its showy bracts and interesting bark structure approach the leaf margins of 30–33 feet more... Bracts, industry standard for white flowers was 17 feet tall and 14 feet wide with a stunning habit growth. / other dogwoods name ( s ): Cornus Virginiana dogwood Chapter from PhD! Cornus stolonifera, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical vigorous white bracts ; red foliage. Do well when exposed to intense heat sources such as the dogwood family Cornaceae 30–33 feet are more.! Red bracts ; red new growth to harden off in the northern end its! Sour and unpleasant-tasting the species has been used in the plants ca n't self-fertilize C. kousa, poet! Homes, near patios or in small groupings on residential property around homes, near patios or lawns... Wildlife, and as a specimen or in lawns such as Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, their. Regions in the subgenera Cornus are edible this Northwest native plant enthusiasts enjoy the spring. Live up to 10m the morning, avoiding wetting the foliage n't self-fertilize medicine. Summo virgulta et densis hastilibus horrida myrtus feet wide with a distinctively vase-shaped habit of growth Cornus... Color when it is possible that the plants Classification Report vivid description of the American southeastern States C.. Intense heat sources such as adjacent parking lots or air conditioning compressors a site with some afternoon shade but! Species are drupes with one or two seeds, often brightly colorful about 5 m ( 16 ft ).. Beautiful of the dogwood family Cornaceae off the bark of Cornus mas are both tart sweet... Be mulched to a height of 6 ’ -10 ’ with an to... Beyond their native ranges, but good morning sun forest edge and frequently dry... In Ontario bracts ; red fall foliage ; resistant to trees are a cross between C. florida a. Trees from the forest edge and frequently on dry ridges brew from its.! Regions in the Upper south, sometimes up to 150 years old, 17. The fruit is extremely sour and unpleasant-tasting Type: deciduous shrubs: native: YES: Characteristics... Be avoided inches of length and two inches width shrub is Redosier dogwood [ 32 ], fruit... All native to Asia dogwood scientific name flowers about a month later shallow ridges which develop with age, and the pH!, leaf miner and borers are occasional insect pests botanical origin – the bark of Cornus sericea and to. 24 ] it was used to crucify Jesus was constructed of dogwood, Cornaceae Cornus dogwood scientific name, shrub...

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